Energy is a mode of motion, and we are conscious of motion by its effect only. This effect, if transmitted to the brain through the vehicle of the eye, makes itself known as light; if it impinges upon the ear, we know it as sound.
Whether this energy shall reach the eye or the ear depends upon the length and frequency of the vibrations.
Radio waves vibrate from 10,000 to 30,000,000 times a second; heat and light waves much faster. Radio waves are therefore extremely long, heat waves shorter, and light waves still shorter.
The length of a wave depends upon its frequency, that is, the number of waves which pass a given point in one second.
We may compare electrical or radio waves to the bass note of a musical scale. As we go up the scale, the waves become shorter and shorter and the frequency higher and higher, until they produce the sensation of heat. If the frequency is increased, visible light waves will appear.
As the frequency is increased, the sensation of light is finally lost; here we contact the ultraviolet or X-ray. As it still further increases, we no longer are conscious of the vibrations, but know them by their effect only.
"When the frequency is more than 38,000 vibrations per second, the ear cannot recognize sound; when 400,000,000,000 vibrations have been reached, we perceive the sensation of light, and as the vibrations gradually increase, the eye perceives one color after another until violet is reached with its 75,000,000,000,000 vibrations a second.
Every phenomenon in nature is what it is by virtue of the rate of motion or vibration.
We speak of the sun as "rising" and "setting," though we know that this is simply an appearance of motion. To our senses the earth is apparently standing still. We speak of a bell as ringing, and yet we know that all that the bell can do is to produce vibrations in the air. When these vibrations come at the rate of sixteen a second, they are then frequent enough to set the tympanic membrane in motion from which the vibration is transmitted along a nerve to the brain, where it is registered as "sound." It is possible for the mind to hear vibrations up to the rate of 38,000 a second. When the number increases beyond this, all is silence again. So we know that the sound is not in the bell, but is in our own mind.
We speak and even think of the Sun as "giving light." Yet we know that it is simply giving forth energy that produces vibrations in the ether at the rate of four hundred trillion a second, causing what are termed light waves, so that what is called light is simply a mode of motion, and the only light that there is, is the sensation produced in the mind by the motion of these waves. When the number of vibrations increases, the light changes in color, each change being caused by shorter and more rapid vibrations; so that although we speak of the rose as being red, the grass as being green, or the sky as being blue, we know that these colors exist only in our minds, and are the sensation experienced by us as the result of a particular rate of vibration. When vibrations are reduced below four hundred trillion a second, they no longer affect us as light, but we experience the sensation of heat.
Scientific observations have shown that the Earth's temperature declines one degree at the height of 100 feet above the Earth's surface, and that there is a difference in temperature corresponding to each 100 feet; and it has been assumed that beyond a certain radius from the Earth's surface—beyond its atmosphere—dense darkness, with corresponding density of cold, reigns supreme.
The French aviator Jean Callizo, who holds the world's record and attained a height of 40,820 feet, said that the last observation which he could make of his thermometer showed a temperature of 58 degrees below zero, but soon the mercury sunk out of sight below the armature, so that he had no means of knowing how cold it became. Notwithstanding the fact that he wore four pairs of gloves—paper, silk, wool, and leather—his fingers became numb.
If the Sun gave light and heat as many suppose, all space would be flooded with light; there would be no night because the entire orbit in which the Earth moves would be filled with light. No star would be visible because the stars are not visible in the light.
The Sun is 93,000,000 miles away from the Earth. It is a great dynamo 866,000 miles in diameter. It sends electromagnetic currents throughout all solar space, which is something like six billion miles from end to end. It turns on its axis like the planets, and is but one of thousands of similar systems of suns and planets, many of them much greater in extent, all of them moving forward in space and all revolving around one common center.
It is clear, then, that instead of giving light and heat, the Sun gives forth electrical energy only. This energy contacts with the atmosphere of the Earth in the form of rays. As the Earth is revolving at the incredible speed of more than a thousand miles an hour at its circumference, the atmosphere coming in contact with the electric rays of the Sun becomes incandescent, causing the sensations of light and heat. As the Earth revolves at a constantly decreasing speed as we reach the poles, the friction becomes less and less and so we find less light and less heat as the poles are reached, until at the poles there is little light and no heat. What we know as light, therefore, appears only in the atmosphere, and not outside of it, and in that part of the atmosphere only which is turned toward the Sun.
As we ascend from the Earth, the atmosphere becomes more rare, and there is consequently less friction, and therefore less light and less heat.
As the direct rays of electrical energy from the Sun reach only that pan of the Earth that is turned toward the Sun, light appears on that side only. The other side of the Earth, being turned away from the Sun, there is no friction and consequently no light, but as the Earth turns upon its axis, the atmosphere gradually comes into direct contact with the electrical rays from the Sun and light appears. The more direct the rays are that strike the Earth, the stronger the friction, the brighter the light, and the greater the heat. This solar phenomenon we call morning, noon, and night.
A man sees because of the activity of the optic nerve, by which light vibrations are communicated to the sensorium, where they produce the images of things. This sensorium is the corresponding center in the brain that is energized by a force connected with the luminiferous ether; hence, the act of seeing is identical with the making of the image of the thing seen. In fact, what we see is the image and not the object.
A reflex is an involuntary act. When light, which is radiant energy, strikes the eye, the pupils contract. These animal reflexes exceed in sensitivity any apparatus yet devised by man.
The retina of the eye is 3,000 times more sensitive than a photographic plate. The sense of smell surpasses in fineness the most impressionable scientific instruments. The lungs antedate the bellows; the heart, the pump; the hand, the lever; and the eye, the photographic camera.
Telephonic and telegraphic apparatus duplicate mimetically what has always been done by the nervous system and always by aid of the same energy.
Scientists make use of the word "ether" in speaking of the substance "in which we live and move and have our being;" which is omnipresent, which interpenetrates everything, and which is the source of all activity. They use the word "ether" because ether implies something which can be measured, and so far as the materialistic school of science is concerned anything that cannot be measured does not exist. But who can measure an electron? And yet the electron is the basis for all material existence, so far as we know at present.
A number of electrons equal to twenty-five million times the population of the Earth must be present in the test tube for a chemist to detect them in a chemical trace. About 125 septillions of atoms are in a cubic inch of lead. And we cannot come anywhere near even seeing an atom through a microscope. Yet the atom is as large as our solar system compared to the electrons of which it is composed.
All atoms are alike in having one positive central sun of energy around which one or more negative charges revolve.
The diameter of an electron is to the diameter of the atom as the diameter of our Earth is to is to the diameter of the orbit in which it moves around the sun. More specifically, it has been determined that an electron is one-eighteen-thousandth of the mass of a hydrogen atom.
It is clear, therefore, that matter is capable of a degree of refinement almost beyond the power of the human mind to conceive. We have not as yet been able to analyze this refinement beyond the electron, and even in getting thus far have had to supplement our physical observation of effect with imagination to cover certain gaps.
From all this, it is plain that the electron is merely an invisible mode of motion—a charge of electrical energy.
Light is then a mode of motion. For it results from the oscillation of the infinitesimal particles that impinge on the cells and awaken the transmuted motion that we call seeing.
The solar fluid is also the medium for the transmission of the potencies organized by the various planets. It holds in solution the basic elements of life. It is the only possible fluid that is sufficiently subtle to carry the delicate vibrations that are constantly being broadcasted over the radio, and which penetrate iron, steel, and every other barrier, and which are not limited by either time or space.
The movement of the planets cause vibrations in the ether. The nature of the vibrations which they send depend upon the particular nature of that planet, as well as its ever changing position in the Zodiac. These emanations are constantly being impressed upon all the worlds of our system by the perfect conductivity of the solar ether.
Throughout the entire Universe, the law of cause and effect is ever at work. This law is supreme; here a cause, there an effect. They can never operate independently. One is supplementary to the other. Nature at all times is endeavoring to establish a perfect equilibrium. This is the law of the Universe and is ever active. Universal harmony is the goal for which all nature strives. The entire cosmos moves under this law. The sun, the moon, the stars are all held in their respective positions because of harmony.
They travel their orbits, they appear at certain times in certain places, and because of the precision of this law, astronomers are able to tell us where various stars will appear in a thousand years. The scientist bases his entire hypothesis on this law of cause and effect. Nowhere is it held in dispute except in the domain of man. Here we find people speaking of luck, chance, accident, and mishap; but is any one of these possible? Is the Universe a unit? If so, and there is law and order in one part, it must extend throughout all parts. This is a scientific deduction.
Ether fills all interplanetary space. This more or less metaphysical substance is the elemental basis of all life and matter.
Matter in motion represents kinetic energy. Ether under strain represents potential energy, and all of the activities of the material universe consist of alterations from one of these forms of energy to the other.
The movement of the planets represents kinetic energy, matter in motion. For instance, Uranus is a mass of matter more than one hundred thousand miles in circumference. This tremendous amount of material substance is driving through the ether at the rate of four miles a second, as it has a diameter of 34,800 miles it puts at least 34,800 miles of ether under strain, driving it forward with a velocity of four miles a second, and what is of still more importance, the planet is not only moving forward, but is revolving upon its axis. It will then not only push the ether forward, but will twist it into spiral form. These spiral vibrations are potential energy.
Uranus enters the sign of Aries in the spring of 1927. Aries is a cardinal, fiery sign. Those who come under the influence of this sign are ambitious, versatile, enterprising, forceful, determined, headstrong, impulsive, fiery, and quick tempered.
Mars is the normal ruler of the sign and brings enterprise, daring, energy, and progress.
But the vibrations from Uranus create an abnormal situation: Enterprise will be convened into strife, daring into friction, energy into accident, ambition into enmity, construction into destruction. The powerful electrical vibrations from Uranus, contacting the fiery vibrations of Aries, will have a tendency to break down existing conditions, and in doing so bring about fractures, dislocations, sudden catastrophes, alienations, ruptures, and separations.
All that is unlimited and unbound comes under the influence of Uranus. His mission is to awaken and revivify, remodel, and renew the life of those who come under his magic spell.
Swift and unexpected, he brings thunderbolt catastrophes and experiences unthought of, for with him indeed it is "the unexpected that always happens."
He waits to afflict, but out of his evil always comes good. He gives no warning as to the nature of his lightening-like cataclysms, but comes laden as it were, with a mixture of colors, the hues of which are peculiarly interwoven with the color of the vibrations with which he meets.
We may then expect to find a great conflict of natural forces during the next few years—storms, disasters, unseasonable weather—with consequent destruction of life and property. These are the natural and inevitable results of the conflict of unseen forces, and there seems to be no way of evading or avoiding the result of this invisible warfare.
But unfortunately, the result does not stop here. The vibrations reach the minds of men and act upon the impulses and emotions, and unless the affairs of the nation are in the hands of men who recognize the danger and know how to modify, adjust, or control the situation, the result is war.
War is simply the result of ignorance and prejudice. Try to visualize the result of this lack of knowledge concerning natural laws. Can you realize the situation? Think for a moment. See the army of the dead pass in review, the greatest army ever gathered together in the history of the world. Men from Germany, from France, from Italy, from England, from Belgium, from Austria, from Russia, from Poland, from Rumania, from Bulgaria, from Serbia, from Turkey, yes and from China, Japan, India, New Zealand, Australia, Egypt, and America—on they go, silently, noiselessly, for the dead are very quiet, marching all day long and all the next day, and the day after still they come. Day after day, week after week, and month after month, for it would take months for this army of ten million men to pass any given point. All dead and dead only because a few men in high places did not know that force can always be met with equal or superior force; they did not know that a higher law always controls a lower law, and because intelligent men and women allowed a few men to control their thinking processes, the entire world must sit in sackcloth and ashes, for the living will find it necessary to work the rest of their lives in order to even pay the interest on the obligations assumed during the last war, and their children will find these obligations an inheritance, which they in turn will pass on to their children and their children's children.
"Though the mills of God grind slowly,
Yet they grind exceedingly small,
Though with patience
He stands waiting,
With Exactness grinds He all."
—Henry Wadsworth Longfellow